Anybody who has been given legitimate access to the company’s assets can pose a threat to the company as long as they use this access. The usage could be either malicious or unintentional but still can harm the business operation. Insider Threat Detection needs to be done for they do can originate from anyone with access, be they employees, former employees, business partners, contractors, among many more with the access. This normally presents the largest percentage of data breaches of the company system.
Dangers of insider threats
The information breaches that are caused by those who have access to the company’s assets have been reported to be so disastrous more than those that are brought about by an external attacker. This is in line with the fact that an inside attacker knows exactly where to target and the best time to do the attack. If they are targeting the accounts, they plan well and strike when it is appropriate. The good news is, it is very easy for the security team to single them out from their timeline and see if they are involved in a malpractice activity that is out of their jurisdiction.
Types of insider threats
They are generally classified into four major categories; pawn, goof, collaborator, and lone wolf. Pawn are those employees that often times are manipulated into performing malicious activities basically through social engineering. The goofs do not have an action of a malicious drive but are always potentially aware and deliberately take actions to harm the company. Basically, they are mostly arrogant and ignorant at times. They believe that security policies do not apply to them.
The collaborator and lone wolf
The collaborators just as the name suggests are the insider users who have cooperation with another third party outside. The main aim is to use their access to cause harm to the company. They often time work with the competitors and their actions are majorly intentional. The lone wolf is a lone ranger and is entirely independent. They tend to work and act maliciously without any external interest or manipulation. They are intelligent and can cause more harm when given higher security access.
The bottom line is, the threats are always available in a company as long as the assets are not accessed by just the owners. However, Insider Threat Detection is an easy task when the security teams are on the lookout for the malpractices by the employees. They can monitor each and every work of the employees and raise a concern when one tends to divert from their normal operation. This way, they have leads to any kind of a threat that could arise.