MPN is an acronym for myeloproliferative neoplasms. These are a type of blood cancer that begins in the bone marrow of affected individuals. The bone marrow is basically the body’s blood cell factory. Patients who MPN news have hyperactive bone marrows. They produce too much of any of the blood cells. It could be the red blood cells, the white blood cells, or the platelets. Due to their elevated levels, the blood’s thickness gets skewed significantly. This can cause a lot of problems. Although there is excessive production, the blood cells made may not be functional. What’s worse, they could make the bone marrow so crowded that it isn’t able to make an ample amount of healthy blood cells.
The Incidence of MPN
Note that cases of MPN can be divided into seven categories. If a patient is suspected of having this condition, then the doctor will order a biopsy of the bone marrow along with blood tests to figure out the exact situation. It is possible for MPN cases to evolve into something else such as myeloid leukemia or a different type of MPN. Overall, however, this is considered as a rare category of blood cancer with only a couple of hundred people diagnosed per year. Most of these are over the age of 50 and report no family history.
The Symptoms of MPN
Individuals who have this condition may not know about it for a long time because they are asymptomatic. The illness is only discovered by accidents because of other health conditions requiring a physical exam or a blood test. As for those who report symptoms, it is common for patients to complain about fatigue, weakness, headaches, dizziness, blurred vision, night sweats, itchiness, and hypertension. There could also be other symptoms connect to the cells that are involved with the MPN.
The Possible Causes of MPN
Doctors still have much to learn about the causes of MPN but they suspect a few contributing factors based on existing cases. Studies have found that a certain gene mutation can be found in most of the patients. This could be triggering the excess blood cell production. Some have also theorized that high doses of ionizing radiation could increase the risk of certain blood cancers. The same is true for long-term exposure to benzene.
If you or your loved one is dealing with this illness, then consult specialists for possible treatments. You can also read medical websites for the latest MPN news.